Treatments of the temporo-mandibular joint disorder TMD with occlusal plate
Temporo-mandibular joint disorders
Dysfunction of the temporo mandibular joint resulting in pain, crackle projection of the opening and closing. Its proximity to the ear can cause tinnitus, or earache of dizziness or ear bite. The causes of dysfunction are:
- Poor occlusion: degradation of the blockage affects futures articulation jaws.
- The existence of parafonctions (tighten teeth, teeth grinding or bruxism) generated or worsened by stress.
Natural evolution shows that the pains show a progressive disease spontaneously to a osteoarthritis, symptomatic with regression.
The conservative attitude is based on the often simultaneous use of physiotherapy techniques maxillo-facial with occlusal gutters, followed by a stabilization of occluders dental optimally as possible. The gutters occlusal used to treat pain in the ATM are gutters resin manufactured on plaster models obtained through fingerprinting The beneficial effect of gutters is essentially and quickly analgesic, and is somehow in a resting mechanics ATM. This treatment is temporary; an etiological treatment is unfortunately rarely possible in view of the multi factors. The stabilization of dental occlusion is desired but can not always be obtained through conservative dental prosthetic, braces or surgery depending on the complexity of cases, functional residual and age. Together if necessary, medications can be used. Always for a limited time, their effect is temporary: anti-inflammatory non-steroidal, muscle relaxants….
Bruxism occurs during sleep was described as tightness or grinding teeth during sleep. It is also associated with episodes of tightness of the jaw.
The consequences of bruxism are: wear and abrasion of teeth, headaches, oral-facial pain, pain in the temporomandibular articulation and a reawakening to the family sleep disturbed by the creaking.
An occlusal equilibration and the port of gutters during sleep are part of comprehensive treatment of bruxism.
Ronflement et apnée de sommeil
Snoring is most embarrassing that a medical problem, but it can sometimes degenerate into sleep apnea, is the cessation of breathing during sleep. Snoring occurs when the airways narrow between the back of the tongue and soft palate. The air vibrates from under the soft palate, causing the sound of snoring. The language blocking the airways causes breathing, or sleep apnea.
Over the subject tries to breathe more obstructed airway. This may occur rarely or frequently. Sleep apnea reduces the amount of air entering the respiratory tract, thus reducing the level of oxygen in the body. This problem is sometimes a precursor of an emergency or heart disease and other serious medical disorders.
For some time, there is another simple and more effective, the mandibular splint for Advanced OAM. It makes use of oral and orthodontic appliances, which are placed in the mouth in order to advance the lower jaw to free the airway during sleep. This also prevents the language to block the passage. We conduct a thorough review to eliminate any problem then we determine, if necessary, the best position for your jaw before making custom orthotics that suits you best.
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